Plants, Pictures, and Information

              - all about the Genus Daphne

Daphne - Seidelbast
Beautiful Plants for the
Charming Garden
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Daphne oleoides subsp. oleoides  Schreber (1766) |  var. brachyloba Meissner (1857) |  var. buxifolia (Vahl) Keissler (1898) |  var. glandulosa (Bertoloni) Keissler (1898)  |

Daphne oleoides subsp. baksanica  (Pobedimova) Halda (1998)

Daphne oleoides subsp. kurdica  Bornmüller (1911)

Daphne oleoides subsp. transcaucasica  (Pobedimova) Halda (1998)


widespread taxa from S-Europe and N-Africa to Asia Minor / up to 0,6 m high occasionally somewhat higher and wider / evergreen / hardy / scented / flowers white, sometimes purplish outside / orange fruits / on calcareous rocks and rocky slopes /


Daphne oleoides subsp. oleoides - upright growth, young shoots and leaves soft haired, later hairs only on the upper leave surface;

Daphne oleoides var. brachyloba - later hairs only on the lower leaf surface, densely leafy habit, S-Europe,

Daphne oleoides var. buxifolia - branches villose and leaves silky on both sides, in the North of the Mediterranean Sea;

Daphne oleoides var. glandulosa - branches hairless and also leaves are only silky on the abaxial surface, from Italy to the Balcan;

Daphne oleoides subsp. baksanica - more or less prostrate growth, narrow leaves with long hairs, different hypanthium and disc, Russia Baksan River;

Daphne oleoides subsp. kurdica - cushion shaped habit, densely soft haired leaves, different disc, from Turkey to Iran;

Daphne oleoides subsp. transcaucasica - robust, sericeous form, different hypanthium and disc, Transcaucasus region;    


important characteristics to distinguish the different subspecies and variations are the habit and the hairiness of the leaves, it is a bit problematic that the cultivation in gardens influences the intensity of hairiness;

occasionally the flowers are variable in colour - not always pure white or cream also a pinkish or purplish tinged calyx tube is possible and sometimes the flowers do not always open (cleistogamous) - Daphne oleoides ‘Euboica’ is a cleistogamous Daphne oleoides relative from Spain, compact forms of Daphne oleoides exist and also forms that are very similar to Daphne domini but these forms have a more open habit and are bigger than Daphne domini;

Daphne oleoides is closely related with Daphne domini and Daphne kosaninii;

Daphne ‘Palermo’ is supposed to be a Daphne oleoides from Italy first cultivated in the Botanical Garden of Palermo, Italy.


Hybrids with Daphne oleoides are:

Daphne x beata, Daphne x poetica, Daphne x sillingeri, a natural hybrid with Daphne velenovskyi from SW-Bulgaria,

from Mt. Vermion in Greece comes Daphne sojakii treated in the monograph of Mr. Halda as a species but considered to be also a natural hybrid of Daphne oleoides

Daphne oleoides big shrub, Turkey, 'ölbaumähnlicher Seidelbast'
Daphne oleoides flowers close-up, Turkey, 'ölbaumähnlicher Seidelbast'
Daphne oleoides in rock, Turkey, 'ölbaumähnlicher Seidelbast'


Daphne oleoides big shrub, Turkey



flowers close-up, Turkey



Daphne oleoides in rock, Turkey

Daphne oleoides var. buxifolia flowers close-up, 'ölbaumähnlicher Seidelbast'
Daphne oleoides subsp. kurdica flowering, 'ölbaumähnlicher Seidelbast'
Daphne oleoides var. buxifolia leaves, 'ölbaumähnlicher Seidelbast'
Daphne oleoides var. glandulosa, 'ölbaumähnlicher Seidelbast'
another form of Daphne oleoides var. glandulosa, 'ölbaumähnlicher Seidelbast'
Daphne oleoides ‘Euboica’, form from Spain, 'ölbaumähnlicher Seidelbast'
Daphne oleoides ‘Palermo’ flowers close-up, 'ölbaumähnlicher Seidelbast' 
Daphne oleoides seed raised plant from Mt. Vermio, Greece, 'ölbaumähnlicher Seidelbast'
Daphne oleoides subsp. kurdica leaves with a darker green colour than var. buxifolia, 'ölbaumähnlicher Seidelbast'
Daphne oleoides


Daphne oleoides var. buxifolia flowers close-up


Above right:

Daphne oleoides var. buxifolia leaves


Below left:

Daphne oleoides subsp. kurdica flowering


Below right:

Daphne oleoides subsp. kurdica leaves with a darker green colour than var. buxifolia

Above left and right:

Two different forms of

Daphne oleoides var. glandulosa



Daphne oleoides subsp. transcaucasica

Above left:

Daphne oleoides ‘Palermo’  

flowers close-up



Daphne oleoides ‘Palermo’ shrub


Daphne oleoides seed raised plant from Mt. Vermio, Greece

Daphne oleoides subsp. transcaucasica, 'ölbaumähnlicher Seidelbast'
Daphne oleoides ‘Euboica’, inflorescence, 'ölbaumähnlicher Seidelbast'

Above left:

Daphne oleoides ‘Euboica’, inflorescence



Daphne oleoides ‘Euboica’, form from Spain

Daphne oleoides ‘Palermo’ shrub, 'ölbaumähnlicher Seidelbast'